- Air Transportation
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- Flying a drone or an unmanned air vehicle (UAV) for work or research
UAVs less than 2 kg
UAVs between 2 kg and 25 kg
UAV Advisory Circulars
Flying under an exemption
General safety practices
Update on UAV regulations
Transport Canada is developing new regulations to address the growing popularity of UAVs
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Unmanned air vehicle, model aircraft, remotely piloted aircraft system, drone. Call it what you want, but always think safety first.
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Learn how to fly safely and legally.
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Think safety firstMore and more people are using unmanned air vehicles (UAVs), sometimes commonly called drones, for work and research. Transport Canada regulates their use to keep the public and our airspace safe.
Before you fly your UAV, make sure you understand the rules that apply and follow them. Not doing so could put lives at risk and cost you up to $25,000 in fines.
What rules do I need to follow?Use the infographic below to help you understand if you need permission to fly your UAV or if you qualify for one of the UAV exemptions.
Flying an unmanned aircraft? You may need permission from Transport Canada (PDF)
Get permission to fly your UAVTo use your UAV for any form of work or research, you are legally required to apply for a Special Flight Operations Certificate (SFOC). This applies to all UAVs used for anything but the fun of flying and regardless of how much they weigh. Transport Canada inspectors will review your SFOC application and determine what safety conditions are needed to reduce the risks.
You must send a detailed application to the Transport Canada Civil Aviation office in the region where you intend to fly your UAV. Your application must include your contact information and describe how, when and where you plan to use your UAV, as well as how you plan to deal with the safety risks.
You can find detailed information on what you need to include in your application in the SFOC staff instruction.
Qualify for an exemptionMost UAV operators must get Transport Canada’s permission to use a UAV for any type of work or research. However, under very specific, lower-risk circumstances, you may qualify for an exemption.
You must follow strict safety conditions outlined in one of the two exemptions for:
Notification form - exemption for UAVs from 2 kg up to and including 25 kgTo qualify to operate under the exemption for UAVs from 2 kg up to an including 25 kg, you must comply with all the safety conditions contained in the exemption and provide Transport Canada with the following information:
UAV model and serial number:
Description of the operation:
Geographical boundaries of the operation:Frequently Asked QuestionsIs my UAV being used for “work or research”?
What is the purpose of a Special Flight Operations Certificate?
How do I apply for a Special Flight Operations Certificate?
How long does it take to get a Special Flight Operations Certificate?
How long is a Special Flight Operations Certificate valid?
Do the exemptions for small UAVs apply to me?
Do I need to notify Transport Canada if I fly my UAV under an exemption?
What training is required to fly a UAV under the exemptions?
How does Transport Canada enforce the regulations?
Does Transport Canada plan to review the current regulations for UAVs?
What laws apply to UAVs?
Why are there so many different terms for UAVs?
How many Special Flight Operations Certificates has Transport Canada issued?
Can I fly my UAV in a national park?
Can I fly my UAV outside of Canada?
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